Chiropractic is a branch of the health care profession, it is the third largest health profession in the world (behind Medicine and Dentistry), Chiropractic is based upon the understanding that good health depends, in part, upon a normally or optimal functioning nervous system (particularly the spine, and the nerves extending from the spine to all parts of the body). "Chiropractic" comes from the Greek word Chiropraktikos, meaning "done by hand." Chiropractic stresses the idea that the cause of many disorder processes begins with the body's inability to adapt to its environment or when the body is continuously or repeatedly placed in strenuous environments that exceed its limits of healthy adaptation. Chiropractic looks to address these dysfunctions by locating and ‘adjusting’ the musculoskeletal area of the body that isn't functioning normally or optimally any longer.
The focus and examination of the spine to evaluate its structure and function is what makes chiropractic different from other health care professions. Your spinal column is a series of movable bones that begin at the base of your skull and end in the centre of your hips/pelvis. Thirty-one pairs of spinal nerves extend down the spine from the brain and exit through a series of openings in the spinal column. The nerves leave the spine and form a complicated network that influences every living tissue and cell in your body.
Accidents, falls, stress, tension, prolonged physical activity or exertion or prolonged inactivity or a sedentary lifestyle and countless other factors can all result in derangements or micro-injury of the spinal column, causing irritation and suboptimal function of its spinal nerves. This suboptimal function in nerve activity will often cause or lead to the many dysfunctions of the human body. Chiropractic emphasises that by reducing or eliminating these nerve disruptions, particularly to the flow of impulses of spinal nerves, which are essential to the proper control and co-ordination of the function of every organ, tissue and cell in the body, it allows the human body to achieve and express a state of optimal health and wellbeing.